The Facts

Reasons To Quit!

  • World No Tobacco Day, celebrated annually on May 31
  • Smoking leads to disease and disability and harms nearly every organ of the body.
  • Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death.
  • The tobacco industry spends billions of dollars each year on cigarette advertising and promotions.
  • Smoking costs the United States billions of dollars each year.
  • State spending on tobacco prevention and control does not meet CDC-recommended levels.
  • 15.1% of all adults (36.5 million people): 16.7% of males, 13.6% of females were current cigarette smokers in 2015.
  • Thousands of young people start smoking cigarettes every day.
  • Many adult cigarette smokers want to quit smoking.
  • Between 15 and 20 percent of the US population smokes.
  • Pennsylvania is higher than the national average with one in five people being smokers. According to Gallup, 21.2 percent of Pennsylvanians light up. Nationally, the percentage if 19.7.
  • From 2005 to 2009, there were more than 70,000 deaths attributable to smoking in the state of Pennsylvania
  • More than 16 million Americans are living with a disease caused by smoking.
  • For every person who dies because of smoking, at least 30 people live with a serious smoking-related illness.
  • Smoking causes cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung diseases, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
  • Smoking also increases risk for tuberculosis, certain eye diseases, and problems of the immune system, including rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Smoking is a known cause of erectile dysfunction in males.
  • Cigarette smoking is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths per year in the United States, including more than 41,000 deaths resulting from secondhand smoke exposure. This is about one in five deaths annually, or 1,300 deaths every day.
  • On average, smokers die 10 years earlier than nonsmokers.
  • If smoking continues at the current rate among U.S. youth, 5.6 million of today’s Americans younger than 18 years of age are expected to die prematurely from a smoking-related illness. This represents about one in every 13 Americans aged 17 years or younger who are alive today.

Smoking costs the United States billions of dollars each year.

  • Total economic cost of smoking is more than $300 billion a year, including
  • Nearly $170 billion in direct medical care for adults
  • More than $156 billion in lost productivity due to premature death and exposure to secondhand smoke

Pregnancy and Smoking

  • Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely than other women to have a miscarriage.
  • Smoking can cause problems with the placenta—the source of the baby's food and oxygen during pregnancy.
  • Smoking during pregnancy can cause a baby to be born too early or to have low birth weight.
  • Smoking during and after pregnancy is a risk factor of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
  • Babies born to women who smoke are more likely to have certain birth defects.

Secondhand Smoke

Breathing other people’s smoke make children and adults who do not smoke sick. There is no safe level of breathing others people’s smoke.

  • Pregnant women who breathe other people’s cigarette smoke are more likely to have a baby who weighs less.
  • Babies who breathe in other people’s cigarette smoke are more likely to have ear infections and more frequent asthma attacks.
  • Babies who breathe in other people’s cigarette smoke are more likely to die from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) . SIDS is an infant death for which a cause of the death cannot be found.
  • 58 million children and adults who do not smoke are exposed to other people’s smoke.

Almost 25 million children and adolescents aged 3–19 years, or about 4 out of 10 children in this age group, are exposed to other people’s cigarette smoke. Home and vehicles are the places where children are most exposed to cigarette smoke, and a major location of smoke exposure for adults too. Also, people can be exposed to cigarette smoke in public places, restaurants, and at work.

Smokeless Tobacco: Health Effects

Smokeless tobacco is associated with many health problems. Using smokeless tobacco:

  • Can lead to nicotine addiction
  • Causes cancer of the mouth, esophagus (the passage that connects the throat to the stomach), and pancreas (a gland that helps with digestion and maintaining proper blood sugar levels)
  • Is associated with diseases of the mouth
  • Can increase risks for early delivery and stillbirth when used during pregnancy
  • Can cause nicotine poisoning in children
  • May increase the risk for death from heart disease and stroke
  • Many smokeless tobacco products contain cancer-causing chemicals.
  • Using smokeless tobacco increases the risk for death from heart disease and stroke.